Federal Emergency Management Agency

500 C Street S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20472
Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act Great Seal of the United States

Other short titles

Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Amendments of 1988
Great Lakes Coastal Barrier Act of 1988
Great Lakes Erosion Damage Assistance and Prevention Act of 1988
Great Lakes Planning Assistance Act of 1988
Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act

Long title An Act to amend the Disaster Relief Act of 1974 to provide for more effective assistance in response to major disasters and emergencies, and for other purposes.
Nicknames Major Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Amendments of 1987
Enacted by the 100th United States Congress
Effective November 23, 1988
Citations
Public law 100-707
Statutes at Large 102 Stat. 4689
Codification
Titles amended 42: The Public Health and Welfare
U.S.C. sections amended 42 U.S.C. ch. 68 § 5121 et seq.

The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act)[1] is a United States federal law designed to bring an orderly and systemic means of federal natural disaster assistance for state and local governments in carrying out their responsibilities to aid citizens. Congress's intention was to encourage states and localities to develop comprehensive disaster preparedness plans, prepare for better intergovernmental coordination in the face of a disaster, encourage the use of insurance coverage, and provide federal assistance programs for losses due to a disaster.[2][better source needed]

The Stafford Act is a 1988 amended version of the Disaster Relief Act of 1974. It created the system in place today by which a presidential disaster declaration or an emergency declaration triggers financial and physical assistance through the Federal Emergency Management Agency[3] (FEMA). The Act gives FEMA the responsibility for coordinating government-wide relief efforts.

The Federal Response Plan includes contributions from 28 federal agencies and non-governmental organizations, such as the American Red Cross. It is named for Sen. Robert Stafford (in Senate 1971–89), who helped pass the law.Congress amended it by passing the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, and again in 2006 with the Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act.

Afterdarkportal
Auxillary Communications Device
Stand Along System Vended To Public Officials

1. The emergency management directory is place on DVD and the entire assets of Washington State is given to each County Commissioner, Emergency Management Director; 911 Coordinator and other significant public official to give them access to the entire network of resources when and if communications fail

Mount Rainier

US Geologic Survey
Washington, D.C. 20472
The Washington State Obituary
Auditing Perspective (Worst Case Scenerio)
October 17th, 2018 10:AM As Washington State authorities prepared for an emergency managment exercise Shakeout 2018 reports were received of the appearance of UFO's off shore moving in erratic paterns.Offshire The Juan De Fuca Plate and the North American Plate which extents to the midatlantic ocean has begun to slip and in the course of snapping generated massive amounts of electromagnetic energy or EMP which fried most of the nonprotected electronics without 500 miles. Various reporting stations later estimated the size of the earthquake at about 10.5 however later conceded that given the amount of energy released were meaningless as the 8,000 mile long North American Plate began sliding over the small plate.

Mount Rainier and every major volcano in the Cascadia range immediately exploded and literally blew out on all sides with earth orbiting satellites capturing images of a fountain of lava a mile high coming out of the volcanic remains. Authorities later remembered that when Mount St. Helen exploded it had the power of a 24 Megaton nuclear explosion and knocked down trees 70 miles away.

Cited From Scientific American
Mt St Helens Blast Radius
Super Sonic Blast Waves
Similar to Nuclear Blast Extends 60 miles
As thousands of buildings, bridges, and other structures collapsed as a result of the massive earthquake a nuclear like blast wave from Mount Rainier (later to be equivalent to a 50 MT Thermo Nuclear event) moving at 600 miles per hour leveled everything else from Olympia to North Seattle. Building were turned into flying debris and humanity was converted into unrecognizable goo by the enormous pressure wave. The Washington State emergency management complex at Camp Murray were gone with the wind and the FEMA undeground complex was buried underr 50 feet of lava and ash. At subsequent hearings in front of US House Oversight Committee it was asked why the emergency management headquarters had not been relocated to decommissioned bunkers at Fairchild AFB Spokane or at Mountain Home AFB (569th SMS Date Activated: June 1st 1961)-the answer petty politics.

The sea level went down a reported 100 feet and the incoming Tusumani washed over most costal areas of Washington and swept debris and cremated human remains of an estimated 2 million former residents out to sea. The last earthquake 21:00 Pacific Time on January 26, 1700 (NS) is believed to have caused Japanese Oraphan Tsumani

Cited From Scientific American
Volcanic Ash In Car Engine-No Go
Major ash falls from the explosion of ever volcano in the Cascadia chain left ash deposits from 6 to 15 foot deep all over Western Washington- blocking roads, railways, airports, and hindering recovery efforts. Embarassed emergency management officials later admitted that they knew their cars needed special filters to prevent ash from grinding up the engines however had not secure any protection and were largely reduced to walking.

US Senator Patty Murry

2988 Jackson Federal Building
915 2nd Avenue
Seattle, Washington 98174

US Senator Maria Cantwell

915 Second Avenue Suite 3206
Seattle, WA 98174

Governor Jay Inslee

Office of the Governor
PO Box 40002M.
Olympia, WA 98504-0002
Presidental Declaration of An Emergency
Offset By Washington Government Unfriendliness
With every major official in Washington State believed to have died within 2 minutes of the earthquake the President went through the formality of granting FEMA assistance to survivors. Washington State Officials were known to be very cold or unfriendly group who often objected to offers of outside assistance. Unfortunate rumors of ultraright wing republicans in Idaho and Utah holding celebrations at the destruction of the queers,faggots, and drug dealers in Seattle were over blown. A much simpler equation exist-scream for help all you want-you don't want to discuss the problem before hand dont expect much help

Neighborhood Electric Generator

$300 and Up
Recovery Efforts-Largely Futile
Those residents of Washington State who survived and could not escape ask didn't Governor Govenor Christine Gregoire spent 3.1 billion dollars replacing the Alaska way in Seattle to make it earthquake proof before it was washed into Pudget Sound? Could't the money have been spent to preposition FEMA trailers; medical supplies; food and water electrical generators and other essentials before the earthquake occured? The former Army Commander in charge of emergency management was something of a bigot who did not particularily care for the Navy and had failed to develop obvious depolyment of naval forces thoughout Washington States extensive coast line and water ways.
Self Evacation of Residents
After the Northridge Earthquake residents fled to Las Vegas and officials had a problem getting them to return to California. 25 years later after the Cascadia earthquake every person who could walk, crawl, or drive was headed in the general direction of Boise, Idaho, Utah, or Montana seeking safety. Boise, Idaho was not able to accomodate half million refugees and Missoula Montana was not able to house 50,000 displaced persons. Military authorities were able to relocate many of these person to FEMA camps in variouis parts of the United States
Washington State Declared National Graveyard
In the interest of saving lives the national leadership decided evacate most of Washington State and declare it a national graveyard until recovery teams could eventually enter the area and bury bodies....

Cited From The Earth Magazine
The Historical Perspective Destruction of Saint Pierre
30,000 Dead In 1902 Wiped off the Planet
May 8th 1902, Martinique’s Mount Pele begins the deadliest volcanic eruption of the 20th century. The following day, the city of Saint Pierre, which some called the Paris of the Caribbean, was virtually wiped off the map.Mount Pele, the name meaning bald in French, was a 4,500-foot mountain ... Mount Krakatoa exploded with an estimated 200 megatons of power in 1883 killing an estimated 36,000 persons and is credited with changing the planet's over all temperature by ask blocking the sun.


Director Katherin Hale 1993
Dade County Emergency Management
9300 NW 41st St,
Doral, FL 33178
(786) 331-5000

Hurricane Andrew Story

Category 5 Hurricane 1993
Wilkpedia
Where Is The Calvary?
Katherine Hale Dade County EMA 1993
As when the 1400 foot communications tower fell over in south Dade during Hurricane Andrew the MetroDade Commander barricaded himself in the Coral Reef Hospital and hoped for the best. Certainly the Emergency Management team hadn't forseen that massive incoming calls on the 911 system would overflow and prevent them from calling out of their command post for 3 days. The immortal words of Emergency Management Coordinator Kathering Hale of Dade County in 1993 asking when the Calvary or assistance would arrive after Hurricane Andrew?

Over a year later I interviewed the Florida State Senator incharge of the emergency management issues who indicated he told the calvary not to arrive. The Senator explained that someone from Dade County had voted the wrong way on an appropriations issues and the more misery coming from Dade County was music to his ears

Former Texas Governor Rick Perry


Former FEMA Director Ron Brown

Federal Emergency Management Agency
Hurricane Katrina Takes Out Communications
Texas-Governor Rick Perry Save The Day
From US News and World Report 9-12-1005 Page 43: "Actually things were going right at first. The network of towers, repeaters, and base stations that make up the city's emerency communications sytesm survived the hurricand and continued to operated until about 2PM on Monday, August 29th.

That when a strong guest of wind sent a large shard of glass hurtling through the air toward the roof of a downtown skyscraper, home to the generator that powered the city's main emerency communications transmitter. The glass punctured the radiator, causing the generator to shut down.... With electricity out city-wide emergency workers could not recharge their batteries in their two-way radios, so these too began to go dark... The final straw? State police at a checkpoint stopped technicians sent to repair the damaged radiator on the main emergency communications generator.
Texas Governor Rick Perry
Saves The Day After FEMA Drops Ball
As it became apparent FEMA Director Ron Brown was not capable of responding to the Hurricane Governor Rick Perry of Texas opened the big heart of Texas and saved countless thousands of Hurricane Victims by busing them to Texas. It was later brought out that Director Michael Brown donated$75,000 to President George Bush Jr campaign and thereby qualify to run FEMA

The Chinese Internet
Crash of 2007

Calamity or Capitalism?
By Tom Carter


In late December of last year, a 7.1 earthquake off the coast of Taiwan severely damaged Asia's undersea fiber-optic cables, disrupting telecommunication circuits across the continent. China and Southeast Asia saw their communications capacity fall to between 2 and 10 percent, and though a portion of service has since been rerouted to alternative fixed lines and suicidally slow satellite transmissions, the P.R.C. has yet to fully recover from the technological aftershocks, what Mainlanders are now referring to as the "World Wide Wait.

Repair status is conflicting, with Chinese telecom officials publicly alternating between evasive ("the work is slow because of complicated conditions"), blameful ("the repairs are done by other companies we commissioned") and unrealistically optimistic ("a few more days"), as quoted in the state-run media. International news sources cite a more likely and longer completion date of early-March for a return to full capacity, perhaps due to what global news service AFP disturbingly reports as China "relying on 19th century technology to fix a 21st century problem.

In an effort to downplay the crisis, China precipitately announced that it expects to become the world's largest Internet user, overtaking the United States with an estimated 137 million users. That's quite a bullish forecast for a country that has suffered nationwide telecommunications outages since the new year. In fact, internet blackouts are nothing new to foreigners residing in the People's Republic, who are accustomed to limited access to overseas sites that have been blocked by the central government's web monitoring entity, commonly referred to as The Great Firewall of China.

But the newest online paralysis resulting from the recent natural and technological calamity has most certainly affected international businesses in Mainland China, many whom rely on consistent online communications and B2B transactions to stay above international water. Even multinational conglomerates Google, Microsoft and Yahoo, who are already struggling in the Asian market, are now regularly met with "cannot display" time-out errors. Conversely, China's e-commerce giants just don't understand what all the fuss is about. China News Service reports that amidst the first several weeks of Internet outages, Chinese-based ISPs boasted a 99 percent uptime as the country's largest web corporations including Sina, Baidu, Alibaba, Tom and Tencent saw their site traffic, and earnings, multiply.

But for China's Internet-deprived expat community from Beijing to the Bund, hope is literally on the Verizon. A consortium of international telecom providers including China Telecom, CNC and U.S. carrier Verizon have jointly invested $500 million in the construction of a new Trans-Pacific Express (TPE) Cable Network connecting Mainland China directly with the United States. The next-generation submarine optical cable system, expected to be completed in 2008, will span the Asia-Pacific at 60 times the present capacity, rendering obsolete the damaged FNAL cables beneath the Taiwan Strait.............


Florida Governor Jeb Bush

Email Jeb
"WEMA Not FEMA"
Florida Governor Bush Admits
Wilma relief effort weak
MIAMI (AFP) Wed Oct 26, 7:20 PM ET Victims of Hurricane Wilma's wrath in Florida pressured officials for relief as they suffered a third day without electricity and scant basic supplies, while Governor Jeb Bush admitted the emergency relief effort "didn't work as it should."

The White House, meanwhile, announced that President George W. Bush, the governor's brother, would visit the hurricane-damaged region Thursday. In Mexico, officials estimated damage from the ferocious storm was costing 15 million dollars a day in lost tourism revenue from the glitzy Yucatan peninsula, while in Cuba tourism officials said the sector would be back on its feet in a week.

At least nine people died in Florida in connection with the storm that pummeled much of the Florida peninsula Monday, according to police and local media. Hurricane damages were estimated between four and eight billion dollars in Florida, California-based risk analysis firm EQECAT said. Before hitting Florida, Wilma had devastated Mexico's Yucatan peninsula and Cozumel island, leaving at least 10 people dead. Four people died in Cuba during pre-storm evacuations. In Florida, all along the eastern coast, the same scene of desperation repeated itself. Thousands of people filled the streets in search of water, ice, food and gasoline (petrol) they needed to cope with widespread power outages.

Some six million people were still without electricity. The lack of power made restoring water pressure difficult. More than 70 distribution points for water, ice and food had been opened in the state, the governor said, and their number should increase to more than 80 in the next few days. Nevertheless, many of the aid centers did not function as expected Tuesday, and supplies were snapped up Wednesday as people waited in long lines for scarce aid. The snags sparked criticisms of the state and federal governments, especially the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), still under fire for its slow response to the victims of Hurricane Katrina in late August.

The complex aid system "didn't work as it should yesterday, and I probably raised the bar too high... we did not meet those expectations and I accept responsibility for that," Governor Bush said at a news conference. Miami-Dade County Mayor Carlos Alvarez said the provisions sent by FEMA to his county had already run out. "Everything that the federal government has provided to us has been distributed... we're not holding back anything," he told reporters. "It's the process and how it's structured, and it's flawed... and I'm not blaming anyone," he said, adding that the delivery of aid to the people had been bogged down for hours in red tape.

Acknowleding that people were "frustrated, disappointed, angry," the mayor said: "I think the system needs to be reviewed." David Paulison, FEMA's acting director and a former chief of the Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department, said the long lines seen Tuesday could have been avoided. "That's why we tell people, have 72 hours of food and water, so you don't have to stand in line," Paulison said. "But regardless, we're going to make sure to increase the supply line."

Emergency Service Directory

Washington State
Endorsement From
FEMA On NIMS Capabilities
From: "Walker, Mary-Margaret"
Mary-Margaret.Walker@dhs.gov
Subject: RE: NIMS Related Research Project
Date: Tue, 28 Feb 2006 13:52:01 -0500
To: chrissaidthanks2002@yahoo.com
CC: "Nims-Integration-Center"
Nims-Integration-Center@dhs.gov

Dear Chris,

Thank you very much for sending us the information about your work for the State of Washington. This preparedness tool is a valuable planning activity and an important resource for response and recovery activities. The Web-based contact list is useful for resource management and easy access to potential contacts statewide. Thanks very much for letting us know about it.

Mary Margaret Walker
NIMS Integration Center
DHS/FEMA
Washington, DC

From: Fluman, Al
Sent: Monday, February 27, 2006 6:16 PM
To: Walker, Mary-Margaret
Subject: RE: NIMS Related Research Project

It ties to NIMS is the following ways:

Preparedness: Any emergency management related preparedness activity is tied directly to NIMS. This preparedness tool (listing of key contact personnel by state and county) is a valuable planning activity and an important resource for response and recovery activities.

Communications and Information Management: The web-based contact list is an extremely valuable response and recovery tool especially for resource management during and after an incident. Plus, the tool will be made available on a CD for use if the internet is down during an incident. An emergency manager in a county could pull out the CD or the printed version of the CD and use the information.

Resource Management: See above, the tool can be used by logistics personnel in a county emergency operations center for potential contacts of resources statewide.

As for interoperability … the definition of interoperability in its basic form is the ability of a system to use parts or equipment of another system … while we may be stretching things a bit with this tool under the basic definition of interoperability … the key contact list from all counties in the state has various uses in all phases of emergency management + it can be used in its CD form or printed form during an actual event. The data from this tool/system can be used in various other systems (resource management/emergency operations plans/etc.)

Hopefully this will help. Al.

Congresswoman Jennifer Gozalez Colon

P.O. Box 9023958
San Juan, PR 00902-3958
Telephone: 787-723-6333
Fax: 787-729-6824 787-729-7738
Hurricane Maria
ABC News Article
Hurricane Maria Leaves 3,000 Dead
Millions Without Power For A Year
Tuesday, August 28, 2018
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico --

An independent investigation ordered by Puerto Rico's government estimates that 2,975 people died within six months as a result of Hurricane Maria. The findings issued Tuesday by the Milken Institute School of Public Health at George Washington University contrast sharply with the official death toll of 64.

RELATED: San Francisco medical team to provide more than healthcare in Puerto Rico It's also about double the government's previous interim estimate of 1,400. Researchers say there was a 22 percent overall increase in the number of deaths from September 2017 to February 2018 compared to previous years. They say the initial low counts came partly because physicians lacked training on how to certify deaths after a disaster. They say the elderly and impoverished were most at risk. A spokesman for Puerto Rico Gov. Ricardo Rossello did not mmediately return a message for comment.


Addressed to William B. “Brock” Long

Administrator FEMA
Federal Emergency Management Agency
500 C Street S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20472
Research Project suggestion to classic
dynamic failure of FEMA programs
The governors of several states commissioned a study about 30 years on the problem of "classic dymanic failure" and a possible solution was created which is described in the appended file.

Respectfully Yours Chris Walters, Retired
http://cwaltersgonefishing.net/afterdarkportal/index.html
Certificate of Service
jon.skladany@mail.house.gov,mark.ghilarducci@caloes.ca.gov, grace.koch@caloes.ca.gov,kelly.huston@caloes.ca.gov, christina.curry@caloes.ca.gov,mitchell.medigovich@caloes.ca.gov, andrew.phelps@state.or.us,matt.marheine@state.or.us, sonya.pedersen@state.or.us,mark.tennyson@state.or.us, WebAlert@emd.sc.gov,pio@vdem.virginia.gov, contact@wsjournal.com,posmundson@thestate.com, rtomlin@newsobserver.com,dhewett@ci.fay.nc.us, Mitch.Colvin@ci.fay.nc.us,Dillon.Taylor@vdem.virginia.gov, VEST.Leader@VDEM.virginia.gov,kathleen.fox@fema.dhs.gov, natalie.enclade@fema.dhs.gov,charlotte.porter@fema.dhs.gov, jerald.harper@fema.dhs.gov,daniel.kaniewski@fema.dhs.gov, peter.gaynor@ema.ri.gov,eric.heighberger@fema.dhs.gov, william.zito@fema.dhs.gov,jeffrey.stern@vdem.virginia.gov, joshua.stanton@fema.dhs.gov,alexandra.travis@fema.dhs.gov, david.bibo@fema.dhs.gov,heather.spadaro@fema.dhs.gov, brendan.p.shields@mail.house.gov,jamal.ware@mail.house.gov, hope.goins@mail.house.gov,ben_voelkel@ronjohnson.senate.gov, jerry_markon@hsgac.senate.gov
Possible Solution To Classic Dymanic
Failure to FEMA and Stafford Act Programs 2018
By Chris Walters Retired Field Researcher

In the 1980's several Governors including Florida Governor Lawton Childes and Governor Pete Wilson of California believed that FEMA responses to disasters were often slower than needed and commissioned an interstate study project and advocated the Interstate Compacts for Mutual Assistance. The Stafford Act was created in the cold war Era as a response to nuclear war and based on a central chain of command structure used by the military. Review of Incidents Classic Dynamic Failure

http://cwaltersgonefishing.net/afterdarkportal/win/axuillary.htm

In a major disaster communications systems are often disabled and the first responders are not able to assume their roles because they are engaged in surviving the event. The recent comments by Washington Major General Bret Daugherty was that the expected earthquake in Washington State would drop ever highway overpass in western Washington; and other reports project loss of most electrical and communications capabilities. Creation of Auxiliary Communications or Stand Alone System

http://cwaltersgonefishing.net/afterdarkportal/index.html
(Outline of 2016 Version County Data Not Online )

The installation of all of Washington States vital information with each county emergency management office means that no matter how ever sever the communications outage is everyone can still see everyone else and already has access to vital emergency management plans needed to effect work. The entire program is 767 MB and can easily be transmitted by FEMA to states such as Texas, NY, or California for instance and give these folks instant access to information they need to respond.

How to Create and Install A National System On The Cheap If they federal government or FEMA wishes to create and install this system nationally, I could hold a 2 week class in a FEMA facility for 2 members of each states National Guard. By training about 20 persons at a time; they would learn how to create and install the system in their own states and update the data as needed. Since I receive retirement my services are probono but might need access to guest housing... and a soft chair for my damaged hip

Proposed By Chris Walters
622 N Sacramento Street
Lodi, CA 95240
email: cawfloridakeys@gmx.com

Chairman Trey Gowdy

House Oversight Committee
2157 Rayburn HOB
Washington,DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-5074
Fax: (202) 225-3974
Is FEMA 10 Adequately prepared for
earthquake which could kill 2 million?
Please pardon the intrusion there was some question of a major earth quake in Pacific NW and the FEMA prepartions for an event which could kill up to 2 million persons in worth case scenerio:

http://www.afterdarkportal.net/win/auxillary.htm

Given the extraordinary nature of the projected event a question might be asked if the US Navy has been adequate planning for response and recovery since the earthquake is expected to "drop every overpass in Eastern Washington" according to National Guard General Daugherty.

Many Thanks Chris Walters
Retired Author
http://afterdarkportal.net
Certificate of Service
tammy.tam@scmp.com,brian.rhoads@scmp.com, citydesk@staradvertiser.com,dmitry.sudakov@pravda.ru, patrick.mcnally@navy.milsteven.harris@hq.dhs.gov, scott.breor@hq.dhs.gov,cipac@hq.dhs.gov, renee.murphy@hq.dhs.gov,theyorkhearld@gmx.com, clau@asbhawaii.com,niac@dhs.gov,georges.benjamin@apha.org, ben.fowke@xcelenergy.com,DHSSecretary@hq.dhs.gov, eballtrip@thenihs.org,jdtaylor@thenihs.org, hhurd@thenihs.org,essteam@hq.dhs.gov,georgia.abraham@dhs.gov, ipgateway@hq.dhs.gov,amy.graydon@hq.dhs.gov, james.mccament@hq.dhs.gov,briana.petyo@hq.dhs.gov, thomas.mcdermott@hq.dhs.gov,kathryn.coulter@hq.dhs.gov, hsstac@hq.dhs.gov,stanley.cunningham@hq.dhs.gov, brendan.p.shields@mail.house.gov,aaron_gottesman@hsgac.senate.gov, zachary_schram@hsgac.senate.gov,kate.bonvechio@mail.house.gov, moira.bergin@mail.house.gov,greg_mcneill@hsgac.senate.gov, hope.goins@mail.house.gov,kirsten.duncan@mail.house.gov, mike.flynn@mail.house.gov,kerry.kinirons@mail.house.gov, margaretanne.moore@mail.house.gov,john.stapleton@mail.house.gov, jamal.ware@mail.house.gov,sheria.clarke@mail.house.gov, amanda.gonzalez@mail.house.gov,charli.huddleston@mail.house.gov, jon.skladany@mail.house.gov,alexa.armstrong@mail.house.gov, rachel.weaver@mail.house.gov,anna.leieritz@mail.house.gov, ari.wisch@mail.house.gov,michael.watson@mail.house.gov, dave.rapallo@mail.house.gov,jennifer.werner@mail.house.gov, susanne.grooms@mail.house.gov,lucinda.lessley@mail.house.gov, patrick.mcnally@navy.mil,uasknpc@navy.mil,